An analysis of the need for affirmative action

After the Sarkozy election, a new attempt in favour of Arab-French students was made, but Sarkozy did not gain enough political support to change the French constitution. The rise in geographic, economic and demographic diversity of a student population suggests that the plan's focus on structural determinants of disadvantage yields broad diversity dividends.

Tamils' knowledge of English and education came from the very American missionary activity by overseas Christians that the British were concerned will anger the Sinhalese and destroy their trading relationships, so they sent them to the Tamil areas instead to teach, thinking it would have no consequences and due to their small numbers.

An analysis of the need for affirmative action

That's why an analysis by Thomas Kane, an economist at the John F. This suggests that affirmative action can have applications for different groups in Israel. Murray argues that affirmative action actually harms the intended beneficiaries by increasing their chance of failure. We are continually improving the quality of our text archives. Class-based affirmative action would still favor nonwhites as a group because they are, on average, much poorer. That goes a long way toward explaining why ''class based'' affirmative action has become the moderate politician's policy flavor of the month. This is typical for all positions in state and university service as of [update] , typically using the phrase "We try to increase diversity in this line of work". Germany's Left Party brought up the discussion about affirmative action in Germany's school system. Kane's figures suggest that in order to replicate the current level of nonwhite admissions, elite colleges would have to grant preferences to six times as many low-income students. This may equate to lowering minimum requirements for the National University Entrance Examination, which is a mandatory exam for all students to enter university.

When considering directors with seven or more directorships, all of them are women. This may equate to lowering minimum requirements for the National University Entrance Examination, which is a mandatory exam for all students to enter university.

France[ edit ] No distinctions based on race, religion or sex are allowed under the French Constitution. All appointments of males as directors will be invalid as long as the quota is not met, and monetary penalties may apply for other directors.

a systemic analysis of affirmative action in american law schools

This would hardly satisfy critics of affirmative action -- notably Charles Murray, co-author of ''The Bell Curve'' -- who argue that asking poorly prepared minorities to compete in the very best colleges reinforces racial stereotypes.

Kane throws cold water on the idea that it would serve as a substitute for racial preference.

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Affirmative actions: an analysis