An overview of the science by albert einstein a german born austrian physicist

albert einstein biography

His physics research after general relativity consisted primarily of a long series of largely unsuccessful attempts to generalize his theory of gravitation still further in order to unify and simplify the fundamental laws of physics, particularly gravitation and electromagnetism.

He moved on to Berlin in at the personal request of Max Planckwhere he became a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, a director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics and a professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin, as well as maintaining an ongoing relationship with Leiden University in the Netherlands through his contacts there with the physicists Hendrik Lorentz and Willem de Sitter.

albert einstein facts

Throughout the s, he continued to participate in numerous peace campaigns and wrote articles on international peace and disarmament. In particular, it is possible that relativity will enable us to make fundamental advances in our understanding of the origin, structure, and future of the universe.

Albert einstein education

This interpretation of relativity expressed its conclusions very clearly and helped to make relativity acceptable to most physicists. Olympia Academy founders: Conrad Habicht , Maurice Solovine and Einstein After graduating in , Einstein spent almost two frustrating years searching for a teaching post. The Nazis froze his German bank account and seized his home, and Einstein remained in the United States for the rest of his life, becoming a citizen in although he also retained his Swiss citizenship. Einstein did not, however, find immediate recognition. The heart of the new theory of quantum mechanics, Born had argued, beats randomly and uncertainly, as though suffering from arrhythmia. For example, no method had been found to determine the velocity of light in a single direction. In late July , he went to England for about six weeks at the personal invitation of British naval officer Commander Oliver Locker-Lampson , who had become friends with Einstein in the preceding years. At an early age, his family moved to Munich where Einstein attended a Catholic school and showed an early aptitude for mathematics, particularly geometry and calculus although he disliked the school's policy of strict memorization, which he thought unhelpful. In , the state of Israel paid him the highest honour it could by offering him the presidency, which he did not accept because he felt that he did not have the personality for such an office. When he applied to the University of Berne for an academic position, his work was returned with a rude remark. Einstein's first major achievement concerned Brownian motion, the random movement of fine particles that can be seen through a microscope and was first observed in by Robert Brown when studying a suspension of pollen grains in water. This did not worry Einstein, who viewed light as behaving like particles, and it enabled him to suggest that the lack of an ether removes any frame of reference against which absolute motion can be measured.

He became increasingly isolated in his research, pursuing his own lonely track while largely ignoring other developments in physics and particularly in quantum theory.

Einstein's explanation of Brownian motion and its subsequent experimental confirmation was one of the most important pieces of evidence for the hypothesis that matter is composed of atoms.

albert einstein wikipedia

During the First World War, Einstein had campaigned vigorously against the war, supporting various anti-War and pacifist organizations. Einstein therefore concluded that no system can move at a velocity equal to or greater than the velocity of light.

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Albert Einstein