Comparative Religious Ethics. Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings.
If, in contrast, he had aimed to describe how humans ought to develop morally, his theory would have involved prescriptive ethics.
Descriptive ethics will hence try to oversee whether ethics still holds its place.
London: Continuum, See Article History Alternative Title: descriptive ethics Comparative ethics, also called Descriptive Ethics, the empirical observational study of the moral beliefs and practices of different peoples and cultures in various places and times.
July Strong ed. For progress is an evaluative term—whether the moral ideals, for example, or the practices of civilized peoples, or both, are higher than those of primitive peoples is itself a question of moral judgment rather than of social science.
Descriptive ethics essay
It aims not only to elaborate such beliefs and practices but also to understand them insofar as they are causally conditioned by social, economic, and geographic circumstances. London: Sage Publications, Descriptive ethics will hence try to oversee whether ethics still holds its place. Research into descriptive ethics may also investigate people's ethical ideals or what actions societies reward or punish in law or politics. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell, Frankena, William A. Year 1 or Year 2 Taught in: Term 2 In contemporary western philosophy ethics has come to be considered as a synonym of moral philosophy, that is, as an institutionalised form of systematic reflection about moral problems, values, norms, rules and judgments, though historically ethics and morality have not been clearly distinguished. What ought to be noted is that culture is generational and not static. Second Edition. July Oxford: Blackwell, The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics.
Therefore, a new generation will come with its own set of morals and that qualifies to be their ethics. Because descriptive ethics involves empirical investigation, it is a field that is usually investigated by those working in the fields of evolutionary biologypsychologysociology or anthropology.
Normative ethics example
Lawrence Kohlberg: An example of descriptive ethics[ edit ] Lawrence Kohlberg is one example of a psychologist working on descriptive ethics. Sullivan, Eds. Those working on descriptive ethics aim to uncover people's beliefs about such things as values, which actions are right and wrong, and which characteristics of moral agents are virtuous. Oxford: Blackwell, The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics. Explain core arguments in comparative ethics across a range of philosophical and religious traditions. Such questions are philosophical and lie beyond the scope of the social sciences, which are restricted to empirically verifiable generalizations. Clearly a consensus of all peoples in a moral opinion does not of itself establish validity. Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Frankena, William A.
In other words, this is the division of philosophical or general ethics that involves the observation of the moral decision-making process with the goal of describing the phenomenon.
Year 1 or Year 2 Taught in: Term 2 In contemporary western philosophy ethics has come to be considered as a synonym of moral philosophy, that is, as an institutionalised form of systematic reflection about moral problems, values, norms, rules and judgments, though historically ethics and morality have not been clearly distinguished.
After carrying out a number of related studies, Kohlberg devised a theory about the development of human moral reasoning that was intended to reflect the moral reasoning actually carried out by the participants in his research.
London: Sage Publications, The course will investigate ethical concerns, concepts and procedures from a comparative perspective, focusing on selected examples from different ethical traditions in Europe, India and China in particular , to explore the vital question, in a globalising world, how different ethical traditions can be brought into a fruitful dialogue with each other. Kohlberg's research can be classed as descriptive ethics to the extent that he describes human beings' actual moral development. The question then arises whether similarity or diversity is more fundamental, whether similarity supports the validity of the practice, and whether diversity supports a relativism and skepticism. Because descriptive ethics involves empirical investigation, it is a field that is usually investigated by those working in the fields of evolutionary biology , psychology , sociology or anthropology. Of particular interest in comparative ethics are the similarities and differences between the moral practices and beliefs of different people, as explained by physical and economic conditions, opportunities for cross-cultural contacts, and the force of inherited traditions facing new social or technological challenges. Beck, B. Communication Ethics and Universal Values. Crittenden, and E.
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