Components of a bureaucracy

Bureaucracy in business

A Formal Hierarchical Authority Weber's theories, developed at the turn of the 20th century, helped define the economic and political systems emerging from the highly concentrated authority of hereditary rulers and their supporters. Why do we focus on it? A formal hierarchy is the basis of central planning and centralized decision making. Univ of California Press. A way that we used to look at the world and the way we use to organize our thinking was in a traditional fashion. Start Your Free Trial Today Jurisdictional competency Jurisdictional competency is a key element of bureaucratic organization, which is broken into units with defined responsibilities. Rationality Calculated, practical, cost-benefit reasoning designed to accomplish tasks efficiently.

Employment based on technical qualifications There may also be protection from arbitrary dismissal. By virtue of greater experience, mastery of detail, and organizational and substantive knowledge, professional bureaucrats may exercise strong influence over decisions made by their leaders. We love this guy.

bureaucracy examples

The hierarchical structure also prevents a democratic approach to problem-solving. Career orientation Employees of a bureaucratic organisation are selected on the basis of their expertise.

bureaucracy theory

The organizational division of labour enables units and individuals within an organization to master details and skills and to turn the novel into the routine. Specialization Workers in a bureaucracy perform specialized tasks that call for training and expertise.

So this is this idea of technical competence. Bureaucracy is also extremely dependent on regulatory and policy compliance.

And then everything is documented.

Elements of bureaucracy weber

Yet, few features of bureaucratic life have received so much adverse attention as the role of hierarchical authority as a means for achieving organizational command and control. Start Your Free Trial Today Jurisdictional competency Jurisdictional competency is a key element of bureaucratic organization, which is broken into units with defined responsibilities. All administrative processes are defined in the official rules. Impersonal Environment Bureaucracies depend on job descriptions and merit-based advancement, which is an improvement over feudal hereditary or charismatic absolutism. Authority is the glue that holds together diversity and prevents units from exercising unchecked discretion. Employment based on technical qualifications There may also be protection from arbitrary dismissal. Let's turn now and look at bureaucracy. All were hierarchies with written rules and a specialized division of labor, where advancement was based on achievement, resulting in an efficient and impersonal organization. Management By Rules Bureaucracies depend upon written rules and communication. You're going to do it just the same as everyone else. So when my boss wants to set up a meeting, I get an email, rather than a question from, say, 10 feet away or two cubicles away. We love this guy. American Sociological Review , A bureaucracy is a model for organization, designed to accomplish tasks the most efficient way possible. Achievement-Based Advancement As 20th century Europe urbanized, failures, such as the series of miscues following the assassination of the Austrian archduke that led to World War I, contributed to the rise of hierarchies based on competency.

Bureaucratic decisions and—above all—procedures are grounded in codified rules and precedents. Predisposition to grow in staff "above the line.

Characteristics of bureaucracy pdf

Rules Rules are the lifeblood of bureaucratic organization, providing a rational and continuous basis for procedures and operations. In the best circumstances, these characteristics allow a bureaucracy to function smoothly. What is a bureaucratic organization? The emergence of capitalism and the emphasis on standard currency transactions over and above barter systems created the need for bureaucratic forms of organization in both the private and public sectors. Bureaucracy has an informal usage, as in "there's too much bureaucracy where I work. Without its records, it would be impossible to maintain transactions grounded in legality. Far from being conceived as proficient, popular contemporary portrayals often paint bureaucracies as inefficient and lacking in adaptability. The following three elements support bureaucratic management: All regular activities within a bureaucracy can be regarded as official duties; Management has the authority to impose rules; Rules can easily be respected on the basis of established methods. The civil service is sometimes considered a permanent government, distinct from the transient politicians who serve only for a limited time and at the pleasure of the electorate in democratic political systems. Professionalization Professionalization of management , another basic element of bureaucracy, requires a full-time corps of officials whose attention is devoted exclusively to its managerial responsibilities. The military, all of these things are bureaucracy.

Bureaucracies are organized that way to ensure good communication. It was a process in the evolution of human society, getting from traditional ways of thinking to a more rational way of looking at the world.

Components of a bureaucracy

In the best circumstances, these characteristics allow a bureaucracy to function smoothly.

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