Evaluating the method section of a research paper
Use tables and figures as a focal point to tell a clear and informative story about your research and avoid repeating information. The dataset was checked for missing data and outliers.
Evaluating the method section of a research paper
One of the most challenging aspects of writing a successful methods section for a research paper is achieving the perfect balance between the brevity that tends to be desirable and the thorough descriptions of research subjects, equipment, procedures and analysis required for fellow researchers to evaluate, validate and replicate the work. Introduction The methods section is the most important aspect of a research paper because it provides the information by which the validity of a study is ultimately judged. Quantitative methods Surveys Describe where, when and how the survey was conducted. This section should be written in a clear and concise manner, but should always present enough information so that: 1 the study could be replicated by other researchers, in order to evaluate the reproducibility of results it should not be a step-by-step tutorial but should be a systematic and complete description of what was done , and 2 the readers are able to judge the validity of results and conclusions presented. If you are analyzing existing data, such as a data set or archival documents, describe how it was originally created or gathered and by whom. S-Cool Revision. Subsequently, these can be referenced and analyzed under separate headings and paragraphs in the text. Evaluation of a potential cause-effect relationship between 2 objects is accomplished through the development of the study design. The data was then analyzed using statistical software SPSS. This will help you avoid excessive and peripheral details as you write and also help your reader understand and remember your findings.
Full Text Introduction The methods section is the most important part of a scientific paper because it provides the essential information that allows the reader to judge the validity of the results and conclusions of the study reported.
An exception to this rule is if you select an unconventional methodological approach; if this is the case, be sure to explain why this approach was chosen and how it enhances the overall process of discovery.
Research project method
It is also important to describe all relevant aspects of clinical management not controlled by the protocol in the peri-experimental period. It demonstrates to the reader that you can provide a cogent rationale for the decisions you made to minimize the impact of any problems that arose. Psychology Writing Center. The empirical-analytical group employs deductive reasoning that uses existing theory as a foundation for formulating hypotheses that need to be tested. The discussion also includes a thorough review of the literature about methods other scholars have used to study the topic. This is how scholarship grows and branches out into new intellectual territory. The methodology section of your paper should clearly articulate the reasons why you chose a particular procedure or technique. The methods and strategies to control and minimize systematic errors are the main factors affecting the validity of the study results and conclusions. Ensure that your results are presented in the best order to focus on objectives and prepare readers for interpretations, valuations, and recommendations in the Discussion section. An independent variable is one that, when manipulated, causes a change in another variable. Bem, Daryl J.
In most cases, there are a variety of different methods you can choose to investigate a research problem. While the article uses examples mostly from the biomedical and clinical research studies, authors from other fields too would find the tips useful for preparing their next manuscript.
How did you find and select participants?
The most important advice one can give here as well as throughout the paper is to check the requirements and standards of the journal to which you are submitting your work. For a short research paper of the kind submitted for an undergraduate course, methods might be described very briefly, using no more than a paragraph or two immediately after the introductory or background information.
How to write a cover letter for journal submissions 3. Structure the section so that it tells the story of your research: All the experiments should be presented in a logical manner that helps the reader retrace the gradual and development and nuances of the study.
How to describe participants in a study
For any problems that do arise, you must describe the ways in which they were minimized or why these problems do not impact in any meaningful way your interpretation of the findings. Present the results that address this specific research question first. For instance, if you propose to conduct interviews, how do you intend to select the sample population? If your study involved a survey or any psychological assessment, mention the questionnaire, scoring methods, and validation of scales with every possible detail. A description of a research study's method should not be confused with a description of the sources of information. This becomes particularly important when the object of the experiment can be approached only indirectly. Other tables might include standard deviations, probability, matrices, etc.
This is particularly true when writing for a general medical audience, as opposed to members of a subspecialty. Depending on how unique or unorthodox the new method is, its validation probably should be established in a separate publication, published prior to submission of the main study.
Methods section of research paper example
When writing the methods section, it is important to bear in mind that the rationale or assumptions on which some procedures are based may not always be obvious to the audience. Interviews were conducted in a small office next to the cash register, and lasted approximately 20 minutes each. The content and layout of this section will be determined by the specific area of research, the design of the study and its particular methodologies, and the guidelines of the target journal and its editors. Designing clinical research. When animals are the subjects of a study, it is important to list species, weight, strain, sex, and age. The discussion also includes a thorough review of the literature about methods other scholars have used to study the topic. So if you used a computer to administer a psychological assessment, you would need to name the specific assessment you used, but you could simply state that you used a computer to administer the test rather than listing the brand and technical specifications of the device. The anatomy and physiology of research.
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