To meet the criteria for a phobia there must also be symptoms of impairment and avoidance. Therapy is aimed at reducing fear and anxiety symptoms and helping people manage their reactions to the object of their phobia.
In popular culture, it is common for specific phobias to have names based on a Greek word for the object of the fear, plus the suffix -phobia. If a person faces a similar event later on in life, those areas of the brain retrieve the stressful memory, sometimes more than once.
People who have a specific phobia avoid specific situations or objects that trigger their anxiety and fear, or they endure them with great distress, sometimes resulting in a panic attack.
There are different types of phobias. How is Phobic disorders Treated?
Stimulation of this area decreases conditioned fear responses, so its role may be in inhibiting the amygdala and its reaction to fearful stimuli. Also, as society changes, the list of potential phobias changes.
People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people. Phobic disorders References What is Phobic disorders A phobia is the irrational fear of an object or situation.
A specific phobia to water is called aquaphobia instead.
These put the body and mind in a highly alert and stressed state. It has been shown that humor is an excellent alternative when traditional systematic desensitization is ineffective. The avoidance aspect is defined as behavior that results in the omission of an aversive event that would otherwise occur, with the goal of preventing anxiety.