Phobic disorders

To meet the criteria for a phobia there must also be symptoms of impairment and avoidance. Therapy is aimed at reducing fear and anxiety symptoms and helping people manage their reactions to the object of their phobia.

In popular culture, it is common for specific phobias to have names based on a Greek word for the object of the fear, plus the suffix -phobia. If a person faces a similar event later on in life, those areas of the brain retrieve the stressful memory, sometimes more than once.

People who have a specific phobia avoid specific situations or objects that trigger their anxiety and fear, or they endure them with great distress, sometimes resulting in a panic attack.

There are different types of phobias. How is Phobic disorders Treated?

phobic disorder symptoms

Stimulation of this area decreases conditioned fear responses, so its role may be in inhibiting the amygdala and its reaction to fearful stimuli. Also, as society changes, the list of potential phobias changes.

Types of phobic disorders

Between 4 percent and 10 percent of all children experience specific phobias during their lives, [12] and social phobias occur in one percent to three percent of children and adolescents. Similar to classical conditioning , the amygdala learns to associate a conditioned stimulus with a negative or avoidant stimulus, creating a conditioned fear response that is often seen in phobic individuals. The basolateral nuclei, through receiving stimulus info, undergo synaptic changes that allow the amygdala to develop a conditioned response to fearful stimuli. The DSM-IV-TR states that if a feared stimulus, whether it be an object or a social situation, is absent entirely in an environment, a diagnosis cannot be made. Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia. People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people. For instance, fearing electrical wire after having heard that touching it causes an electric shock.

People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people. Phobic disorders References What is Phobic disorders A phobia is the irrational fear of an object or situation.

A specific phobia to water is called aquaphobia instead.

phobic disorder definition

These put the body and mind in a highly alert and stressed state. It has been shown that humor is an excellent alternative when traditional systematic desensitization is ineffective. The avoidance aspect is defined as behavior that results in the omission of an aversive event that would otherwise occur, with the goal of preventing anxiety.

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What Are Phobic Disorders?