The therapist interprets these associations and offers potential meanings. Some suggest its simply to clear away useless memories from the previous day and enter important ones into long-term storage. However, he viewed the dreamer as the one who should interpret their dreams, rather than the therapist in contrast to Freud, who saw the therapist as the expert.
This is because there is not necessarily a universal meaning for every element you might encounter.
Some people even base major life decisions on the contents of their dreams. For example, Jung believed that our dreams contain symbols from the collective unconscious — ideas and symbols called archetypes that are shared by all people across cultures. It often symbolizes the end of something important, like a project or relationship, or even the beginning of something.
It is thought by some psychologists and researchers that dreams may represent some communication between the conscious mind and the unconscious mind. Key Takeaways: Dream Interpretation Many approaches to dream interpretation have been proposed in psychology, including that dreams should be examined for symbols and that they reflect our perspectives on our lives.
One major critique of psychoanalysis is that the theory is based on case studies, the results of which are hard to generalize to a larger population.