The reproductive system

In addition to differences in nearly every reproductive organ, numerous differences typically occur in secondary sexual characteristics.

Reproductive system female

The third step is what we'll really broadly call gestation. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive. What Is the Male Reproductive System? Childhood begins at two and lasts until puberty. How many middle-aged men will benefit from such therapy remains an open question. Testosterone also is important in the development of male characteristics, including muscle mass and strength, fat distribution, bone mass and sex drive. The organs of the male reproductive system are specialized for the following functions: To produce, maintain and transport sperm the male reproductive cells and protective fluid semen To discharge sperm within the female reproductive tract To produce and secrete male sex hormones The male reproductive anatomy includes internal and external structures. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Urethra — The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body. Rising levels of estrogen in the blood trigger secretion of LH, which stimulates follicle maturation and ovulation day 14, or midcycle. But both sexes have gonads: In females the gonads are the ovaries, which make female gametes eggs. The ejaculatory ducts empty into the urethra. The brain and the nervous system give the scrotum the cue to change size. The scrotum changes size to maintain the right temperature.

The head contains genetic material genes. Regina Bailey is a science writer and educator who has covered biology for ThoughtCo since The inside of the penis is made of a spongy tissue that can expand and contract.

Diseases of the reproductive system

The cells divide and change until they have a head and short tail, like tadpoles. Menopause is a term used to describe the end of a woman's normal menstrual function. So, the next really important female organ is called the uterus. The accessory glands, including the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland, provide fluids that lubricate the duct system and nourish the sperm. These two organs are used to ensure that the sperm and the egg meet each other. These cyclic phases are interrupted only by pregnancy and continue until menopause, when reproductive capability ends. Puberty marks the onset of increased activity in the sex glands and the steady development of secondary sexual characteristics. Travels of a Young Zygote Cleavage of the zygote begins while it is still in the oviduct, producing a solid ball of cells morula.

It sita her and awaits the sperm for fertilization to occur. Steps in Fertilization Contact between sperm and egg Entry of sperm into the egg Fusion of egg and sperm nuclei Activation of development Cleavage Cleavage is the first step in development of ALL multicelled organisms.

reproductive system organs

The First Trimester The three embryonic tissue layers form. An important sexual hormone of males is androgenand particularly testosterone.

Reproductive system male

What Is Conception? Urethra — The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body. Sperm are color enhanced green while the egg is color enhanced to gold. Category Two STDs that produce sores on the external genitals. The vagina is attached to the uterus through the cervix , while the uterus is attached to the ovaries via the fallopian tubes. After the baby's born, the last step is to give him or her a name. Other systems in the body, such as the endocrine and urinary systems, work continuously to maintain homeostasis for survival of the individual. What are the external male reproductive structures? This image is copyright Dennis Kunkel at www. During the first phase, the oocyte matures within a follicle. The skin of the penis is loose and elastic to allow for changes in penis size during an erection.

How many middle-aged men will benefit from such therapy remains an open question. In response to sexual stimulation, these glands secrete an alkaline fluid which helps to neutralize acidity from urine in the urethra and acidity in the vagina.

female reproductive system functions

One ovum is released and it passes through the fallopian tube into the uterus. The primary hormones involved in the functioning of the male reproductive system are follicle-stimulating hormone FSHluteinizing hormone LH and testosterone.

reproductive system definition

Spermatocytes inside the tubules divide by meiosis to produce spermatids that in turn develop into mature sperm.

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SEER Training: Introduction to the Reproductive System